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madman2k

Computing replaygain for your Music library

2022-04-04 16:13 UTC  by  madman2k
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TLDR; command at the end of post

If you want a equal loudness for your Music library the go to solution and the de-facto standard is ReplayGain.
If you are using a music streaming service, the provider is typically taking care of that for you – but maybe you want to migrate towards your own streaming solution.

ReplayGain analyses your audio files and stores their deviation from the baseline loudness as a tag. A compatible audio player can then read the tag and correct the playback volume so all you tracks have the same loudness.

Of course things get messy once you look at details like what the baseline loudness should be and how to determine loudness in the first place. Therefore we set the baseline once and for all as 89db and consider even tracks of the same album individually. If you disagree, feel free to branch off reading up the details now.

The next issue is that ReplayGain was born in a time where mp3 was synonymous to digital music, hence the algorithm was first implemented as the mp3gain CLI tool. Nowadays you also need aacgain and vorbisgain to cover all your formats, which is cumbersome to automate.

The larger issue with ReplayGain is that it defines loudness of a track by its peak volume. While a sane choice in theory, in practice the music and advertising industries raced to increase the perceived loudness without raising the peak volume. As broadcasters also used peak volume normalization, one could blow your eardrum with that very special advertisement.
Therefore the EBU R 128 was proposed which at its core is RMS based, meaning it is considering the average volume of the track.

Remember that ReplayGain merely adds a correction value to the tracks? This allows us to compute that correction value based on the R128 algorithm for a better normalization, which is exactly what the r128gain tool does.
Being written in modern day, r128gain also processes all possible audio files by hooking into ffmpeg as a filter.

So, without further ado, this is the command to normalize your Music library:

# pip3 install r128gain
r128gain -p -r Music/

This will preserve "-p" the file timestamps and recursively "-r" process all files in the given directory.

Trouble shooting

Note that if you previously used mp3gain, your files might contain non-standard lower-case replaygain_* tags, while r128gain will only write REPLAYGAIN_* tags.
To avoid confusing players with different values, you should remove the non-standard tags. This can be automated with eyeD3

eyeD3 -Q --remove-frame RGAD --preserve-file-times --user-text-frame=replaygain_track_gain: --user-text-frame=replaygain_track_peak: --user-text-frame=replaygain_album_gain: --user-text-frame=replaygain_album_peak: Music/

Refer to its documentation for the meaning of the parameters.

Header Image: “volume” by christina rutz (CC-BY-2.0)

Categories: Articles
feng gao

Can Std Be Cured At Home

2022-02-18 12:28 UTC  by  feng gao
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If you've been exposed to an std or are experiencing symptoms of an std you should see a doctor about std testing. 12.01.2022 · you can choose to test for a single sti or std, or do a full panel. Start treatment discreetly with medication provided at no additional charge. Same labs as physicians & hospitals. They work better the sooner you take them.

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Jussi Ohenoja

Maemo Community e.V. - Invitation to the General Assembly 2022

Dear Member,

The meeting will be held on Thursday, March 17th 2022 at 20:00 CET on irc.libera.chat channel #maemo-meeting.

Unless any further issues are raised, the agenda includes the following topics:
1. Welcome by the Chairman of the Board
2. Determination of the proper convocation and the quorum of the General Assembly
3. Election of the Board Directors
6. Any other business

Requests for additions to the agenda must be submitted to the Board in writing one week prior to the meeting (§ 9.2 of the Statutes).

On Behalf of the Maemo Council, Jussi Ohenoja

Categories: council
feng gao

Honquest Funeral Home Loves Park Il

2022-02-14 12:41 UTC  by  feng gao
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Stanislaus church, 201 buckbee, rockford, il 61104. Mulford rd., loves park, il 61111 on thursday january 27, 2022 from 4:00 to 6:30pm. Mass of christian burial will be held at 10:00am on friday, january 28, 2022 in st.

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Alberto Mardegan

As you know, I'm trying to get the FM radio to work in Ubuntu Touch, and I basically have it working on the Redmi Note 7 Pro. But then I remembered that the BQ Aquaris E4.5 (which is the first commercial device officially supporting Ubuntu Touch) also comes with an FM radio, so I decided to put some effort in getting that to work, too. You might think it's a waste of time, but as a matter of fact this device is built on a Mediatek SoC, and FM radio support is exposed to userspace in a very similar way across all Mediatek devices — so this work should be covering other devices as well.

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Categories: english
Philip Van Hoof

Improving Qt

2021-12-19 17:49 UTC  by  Philip Van Hoof
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We are a few years further. A few years in which we all tried to make a difference.

I’m incredibly proud of my achievement of QTBUG-61928. At the time I thought I could never convince the Qt development team of changing their APIs. They did and today in Qt6 it’s all very much part of the package.

I want to thank Thiago and others. But I also think it’s a team effort. It might not be because of just me. But I still feel a little bit proud of having pushed this team just enough to make the changes.

I am now at a new Qt bug report. This time it’s about int64_t. I think that QModelIndex should be completely supporting it. Again, I think a lot. And I have a lot of opinions. But I anyway filed QTBUG-99312 for this.

Categories: Art culture
Alberto Mardegan

Enabling the FM radio in Ubuntu Touch

2021-12-07 16:41 UTC  by  Alberto Mardegan
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I recently realized that my Xiaomi Redmi Note 7 Pro, on which I installed Ubuntu Touch not so long ago, has a working FM radio. One of the many psychological bugs of mine is the irrational urge I feel of having my hardware, no matter whether I use it or not, supported by Linux. So, the fact that I never listen to the radio is unfortunately not a reason to dissuade me from wasting time on getting the FM radio working in Ubuntu Touch.

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Categories: english
madman2k

Breaking free of Google

2021-11-03 20:34 UTC  by  madman2k
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This post will be for those of you that care about privacy – i.e. if you want that information about you is exclusively under your control.
In that context not only Google is to blame, but actually most of the cloud services we know and use today.

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Categories: Articles
Alberto Mardegan

While developing MiTubo I've recently felt the need of parsing HTML pages: the first problem I wanted to solve was implementing proper RSS feed detection when the user entered a website URL into MiTubo's search box, so that MiTubo would parse the site's HTML, look for <link rel="alternate"...> URLs in the HEAD section, and let the user subscribe to any video feeds found there.

A quick search in the internet did not provide a clear answer: I found a Qt HTML parser in (stalled) development, and a few other C++ or C parsers (among the latters, lexbor is the most inspiring), but all of them seem to take the approach of parsing the HTML file into a DOM tree, while I was hoping to find a lightweight SAX-like parser. Pretty much like Python's html.parser.

Anyway, I don't remember how it happened, but at a certain point I found myself looking at html.parser source code, and I was surprised to see how compact it was (apart, of course, for the long list of character references for the HTML entities!). Upon a closer look, it also appeared that the code was not making much use of Python's dynamic typing, so, I thought, maybe I could give it a try to rewrite that into a Qt class. And a few hours later QHtmlParser was born.

As this post's title suggests, the process of rewriting html.parser with Qt was quite straightforward, and the nice thing about it is that I didn't have to spend any time reading the HTML standard or trying to figure out how to implement the parser: I just had to translate Python code into C++ code, and thanks to the nice API of QString (which in many ways resembles Python's — or vice versa) this was not too hard. I even left most of the original code comments untouched, and reused quite a few tests from the test suite.

It was time well spent. :-)

If you think you might need an HTML parser for your Qt application, you are welcome to give it a try. It's not a library, just a set of files that you can import into your project; for the time being I only have a build file for QBS, but I'll happily accept contributions to make it easier to use QHtmlParser with projects built using other build systems. You can see here the changes I made in MiTubo to start using it and detect RSS feed in a webpage's HEAD.

That's all for now. And in case you missed the link before, you can find QHtmlParser here.

Categories: english
Enrique Ocaña González

Beyond Google Bookmarks

2021-08-07 12:29 UTC  by  Enrique Ocaña González
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I was a happy user of Del.icio.us for many years until the service closed. Then I moved my links to Google Bookmarks, which offered basically the same functionality (at least for my needs): link storage with title, tags and comments. I’ve carefully tagged and filed more than 2500 links since I started, and I’ve learnt to appreciate the usefulness of searching by tag to find again some precious information that was valuable to me in the past.

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Categories: Hacking (english)
Thomas Perl

As part of a summer clean-up of the desk drawers, I pulled out the N800 and N9 and ported my game Loonies 8192 to these devices. Since those are "proper" Linux devices, one can compile things directly on-device (just install gcc from the SDK repos), and with SSH, it's easy to type on a real keyboard.

Anyway, you can install the game via the landing pages:

For the N800, make sure "maemo Extras" is enabled so it will find libsdl1.2 if it's not already installed. Head over to https://loonies.thp.io/n800/ on the device and download the deb, it will be installed by Application manager.

For the N9, make sure you have n9repomirror installed (again, so libsdl1.2 can be installed if necessary). Enable third party applications in Settings, Applications, Installations. Then head over to https://loonies.thp.io/n9/ on the device and download the deb, selecting after the download is finished will ask you to install it.

The N9 version is also available on openrepos.net.

And don't forget that the game is also available for DOS, various consoles and handheld consoles as well as on Windows. All of the builds are available on itch.io.

Enrique Ocaña González

This is the last post of the series showing interesting debugging tools, I hope you have found it useful. Don’t miss the custom scripts at the bottom to process GStreamer logs, help you highlight the interesting parts and find the root cause of difficult bugs. Here are also the previous posts of the series:

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Categories: Gnome