Test for modifier keys correctly

Why.  With gtk_accelerator_get_default_mod_mask() you can test for modifier keys reliably; this way your key event handlers will work correctly even if NumLock or CapsLock are activated.

In a GdkEventKey, the state field is a bit mask which indicates the modifier state at the time the key was pressed. Modifiers are keys like Control and NumLock. When implementing a "key-press-event" handler, you should use gtk_accelerator_get_default_mod_mask() to test against modifier keys. This function returns a bit mask which encompasses all the modifiers which the user may be actively pressing, such as Control, Shift, and Alt, but ignores "innocuous" modifiers such as NumLock and CapsLock.

Say you want to see if Control-F10 was pressed. Doing a simple test like event->keysym == GDK_F10 && event->state == GDK_CONTROL_MASK is not enough. If CapsLock is pressed, then event->state will be equal to GDK_CONTROL_MASK | GDK_LOCK_MASK, and the simple test will fail. By taking the logical-and of event->state and gtk_accelerator_get_default_mod_mask(), you can ignore the modifiers which are not actively pressed by the user at the same time as the base key.

The following example correctly tests for Control-F10 being pressed.

static gboolean
my_widget_key_press_event_handler (GtkWidget *widget, GdkEventKey *event)
  guint modifiers;

  modifiers = gtk_accelerator_get_default_mod_mask ();

  if (event->keysym == GDK_F10
      && (event->state & modifiers) == GDK_CONTROL_MASK)
      g_print ("Control-F10 was pressed\n");
      return TRUE;

  return FALSE;